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- Re: Handmade Bricks
- Handmade Bricks
- Bricks, Mines, Stone, Coal, Iron and other fragments of Bradford's industrial archaeology
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Windber became a minor boomtown, with sawmills and brick manufacture joining coal mining as the main industrial activities. You can also just make out smaller circular bumps in the top corners of the paver: A brick is a brick is a brick. Here we must take issue with this hasty Gertrude Stein-ism and declare that there is a massive amount of variety in what most might consider to be just another pile of bricks.
Common bricks in situ, showing super fat and sloppy mortar beds. Note the crisp rectangular lines of this face brick from an s block. Weathered face brick from a mid 19th century house in West Baltimore. Classic ironspot bricks from a s rowhouse, no doubt shipped from Western PA or Ohio.
Row of homes in East Baltimore with iconic iron-spot face brick. Documenting an ongoing project through a blog is often an exercise in pacing: Some less thrilling content might follow in the days to come, while we held on to the next crowd-pleasing post for a later date.
These are not ordinary circumstances. Today is June 22nd, Presented without further comment is something we found on site today: Fear not, arithmophobes, though the following numbers are staggering, no math is involved. All good numbers and all good news. The better news is that all of these numbers are going to increase with every project we take on: In our last BKAB , we talked about how the brick frog served as the canvas for early attempts at marketing and branding; brickmakers would mold their bricks to feature a last name, initials, or even a brand name.
This post is not the fulfillment of that promise, but it does have to do with brick branding. Or rather, it has to do with block branding. Laying block along 28th Street in New York City. Image courtesy of brickfrog.
In this third installment of our informal series of long-dead writers praising Baltimore bricks , we now turn our attention to the work of John Thomas Scharf. Over time this term also came to refer to the indentation left by them. This indentation on the bottom of the brick not only provided a place for the brand, it also saved material and provided a "key" for the mortar, insuring a better bond during bricklaying. I found this site while researching but didn't spend long reading it. You might find some helpful info there.
Good luck gathering your details.
Re: Handmade Bricks
Handmade Bricks Found one more tidbit Info below taken from this link http: For centuries bricks were moulded by hand in wooden moulds. These were four sided and rectangular in shape with no base or lid. Moulds were placed either directly on the ground or on a roughly made brickmakers table. Bricks made on the ground are generally pre 19th cent. They were known as 'place' bricks and often contain grass impressions.
From the 19th cent rectangular block of wood, smaller than the mould dimensions, would be screwed on the table which created the brick's 'frog'. Sometimes letters were carved in the frog to identify the brickyard owner. This is done by placing the bricks in metal moulds and putting them under great pressure before burning.
Pressed bricks however are machine moulded bricks where the clay being used is already nearly dry. This process can make a significant difference on the appearance of the bricks.
Bricks made using this process generally are more difficult to compress. Dry pressed bricks however are now commonly used for face bricks. Pressed bricks generally mean dry pressed bricks, but many face bricks are made by repressing soft mud bricks. These are extensively used in some regions. This type of product can made into practically and size or shape for any kind of use. Blocks made of terra-cotta are light and durable. For use in partitions the terra-cotta is mixed with sawdust which burns off in the kiln, but creates a more porous brick.
Terra-cotta can be glazed or unglazed. Facing bricks are uniform in colour and shape and can now be made to any almost any specification, texture, colour and size. For this type of brick the clay is extruded and cut by wore into individual bricks.
This is a very cost effective way of producing bricks and is done by an automated production process. These bricks are readily available in a variety of styles and colours. Stock bricks ; are usually slightly more expensive than wirecut Bricks. These are a soft mud brick which are sometimes irregular in shape. Handmade bricks ; as previously discussed above, handmade bricks are very desirable and individual in shape and colour.
This brick is one of the most expensive sorts of brick. Fletton or London Brick ; is a brick made from clay extracted from the south east of England which contains traces of oil which is burnt off during the burning process in the kiln. Arch and Clinker bricks This term is used for bricks which are burned immediately. They are over burnt and sometimes distorted in shape. These bricks are of a higher quality and are generally the bricks that were in the centre of the pile of bricks which have been burned. These bricks are top bricks as they have a higher overall quality and finish.
Cherry is used as a term when the clay which has been used burns red. Salmon, Pale or Soft bricks.
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These are the bricks which were nearer to the outside of the kiln during burning which means they are slightly under burnt. These bricks are generally softer than the bricks taken from the centre of the kiln are therefore are of a lesser quality, although this does not affect the overall shape of the brick. These bricks are generally used for the interior of walls.
Waterstruck Brick This type of brick is a soft mud moulded brick. It uses alluvial clay which deposited at the end of the last ice age. The clay is pressed into mould lined with silicate. When the bricks are removed from their mould, they are left with a textured effect which can only be achieved using this method. This type of brick looks old and handmade even when new.
Engineering Bricks Engineering bricks are called so due to their overall strength and water absorption. Traditionally used in civil engineering, these bricks are also useful for damp courses and structural design.
click Bullnose Bricks These special bricks are used when round edges are needed, for gate recesses, quadrants or arches. These are batches of bricks which are generally consistent in colour but do not match the product which is marketed. Dependant on their final use, the bricks are named accordingly.
Radial Bricks either have one edge shorter than the other or vary in thickness. This type of brick is used for walls with curved edges. Arch bricks are used for arches as they have one end thicker than the other. Ordinary bricks or facebricks and have regular shape and colour used for the outside of building etc. Fire bricks are generally yellow in colour and used in places where they would be subject to high temperatures. Paving bricks are of uniform size and colour and have been made by burning hard clay or shale. Good brick to be used where toughness and water tightness is essential.
Brick Sizes Metric bricks are a little smaller than the old imperial one. New bricks can be bonded into old brickwork by slightly increasing the mortar bed joint. Brick sizes have remained fairly constant over the years: Brick cutting is the process of cutting bricks into the desired size or in most cases to cut and bond them together using an epoxy mortar to form angle bricks these are mainly used on bay windows and conservatories etc.
Bricks, Mines, Stone, Coal, Iron and other fragments of Bradford's industrial archaeology
Kiln Brick Burning After all bricks have been allowed time to dry they are placed in a kiln for burning which finishes off the brick to achieve the optimum strength and colour. There a few different types of kilns which are currently used to burn bricks. The Scotch Kiln is the most commonly used in the UK. This is a rectangular building which is open at the top and has side doors with fireholes built from fire bricks.